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LIMNOS is a member of the Northern Aegean archipelago.

It is a warm and welcoming island that is rather small and quaint, yet not tacky or touristy. The wonderful port and capital town of Myrina comes to life every evening as the fishing fleet returns with the day's catch, selling the fish to everyone right at they quayside.

The town offers a balance of day-to-day commerce and meeting the needs of the tourists. On the town square is a map of the island including a list of hotels, rooms-to-let, and emergency needs numbers. Throughout Myrina one will find an abundance of well maintained grassy squares and green parks, some abutting amazing, clean, sandy beaches. In fact, all around the island of Limnos one will find some of the cleanest and sandiest beaches anywhere in the Greek islands. Platy beach is not to be missed. Early settlers are thought to be related to the Etruscans of Italy, as evidenced by the burial rites of the pre-6th-century BC inscriptions archeologists have found on Limnos that bear striking resemblance to those of the Etruscans. Limnos was home to the most advanced Neolithic civilization, which predates both dynastic Egypt and the earliest known level of ancient Troy, yet to be discovered in the Aegean. Some academic circles believe that it was the Limnians that colonized Troy. During the Persian wars, the warriors of Limnos captured some Athenian women making them their slave-brides. When the families of these warriors ridiculed the half-bred offspring of these 'unholy' unions, the Limnians executed the captured women and their children (thus giving rise to the phrase 'Limnian deeds', for such unspeakable atrocities). It is said that this so angered the gods of Olympus that they punished the Limnians by making the livestock and women of Limnos infertile. The Limnians turned to the great Oracle of Delphi for guidance in resolving their dilemma. The Oracle said the only way to appease the gods was to surrender Limnian independence to Athens, if the Athenians could sail to the island in one day. The Limnians, knowing that Athens was more than a day's sail from the island, thought it to be an easy price to pay to regain the needed fertility. But the Athens had captured the nearby territories, including Mount Athos, from which the Athenians easily sailed to Limnos in one day and claimed the island.

In the 13th century AD, the Venetians took and retained control of Limnos until Mehmet the Conqueror took the island in 1478. This was his second attempt. He had already failed to capture the island in 1475, when he was turned back by the legendary heroine, Maroula. The island was held by the Ottoman Turks until the first world war when the Allies gained control of Limnos, using its natural and protected Moudros Bay as a base of naval operations for their ill-fated Gallipoli campaign.

 

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