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MILOS is the southwesternmost island of the Cyclades, halfway between Piraeus and Crete.

It is the fifth largest Cycladic island and a permanent population of 3.222. The bay of Milos is one of the largest natural harbors of the Mediterannean. Milos is a volcanic island that emerged between 2.5 million and 500 thousand years ago. The result of a volcanic explosion, the island hosts a number of mineral springs and mining pits. The south coast is laced with all kinds of sea caves and coves, that, according to legend, were used as hiding places by pirates in the middle ages. The island also boasts of impressive catacombs that were dug out in Klema in the early Christian era and are considered among the world's best. During the Persian invasion of 480 BC, Milos was allied with Athens and fought against the Persians in the Battle of Salamis. During the Peloponesian War (431-404 BC) Milos was neutral and the Athenians, in 426 BC, sent a fleet of 60 warships and 2 thousand men, led by General Nikias, to force the island to line up with Athens. The Athenians were not successful, but 10 years later, prompted by General Alciviades, the Athenians returned, laid a siege on the island for about 2 years and ended up killing all men and enslaving the women and children, as mentioned by Thucidides. The great tragedian Euripides, in a pointed attempt to condemn this act of brutality, wrote his famous play Trojan Women, which supposedly referred to the war on Troy but, in reality, was a metaphor for the plight of the Melians. The fall of Greece to Rome, after 146 BC, brought peace and prosperity. This is when the Roman theater of Milos was built, which is still around and a major sight on the island. The Byzantine era was not a particularly good one for Milos, because the island suffered from years of pirate raids and plunder. Milos came under Venetian rule after 1204 and the fall of Constantinople to the Fourth Crusade, and became one of the area's baronies. After that, its history is the history of the Cyclades and mainland Greece. In the 20th century, Milos emerged as a mining center and attracted a number of domestic and foreign mining companies Among the valuable ores found on the island are perlite, caoline and bentonite, three basic industrial minerals that are essential for iron and steel processing and the production of cement.

In the last 15 years, the island is becoming more and more a tourist magnet every year, mainly because many of those who like to spend summers in the Aegean have discovered its incredible beaches. It would not be exaggerating to suggest that almost no one of Milos' 15-20 major beaches look like any one else. The island's rich geology has resulted in a string of stunning beaches, many of which are accessible only by boat.


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